Skip to main content

East Asian Newspapers and Periodicals 1850-1950

The collections here include a range of East Asian (plus Singapore) newspapers, journals, and magazines published in Chinese, Korean, and Japanese languages from 1850-1950.


rss RSS

377,706
RESULTS


Show sorted alphabetically

Show sorted alphabetically

SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
The Hunan guomin ribao (湖南國民日報)
The Hunan guomin ribao (湖南國民日報)
collection
6,824
ITEMS
63,097
VIEWS
collection

eye 63,097

The Hunan guomin ribao (湖南國民日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Changsha from 1928 to 1949.
The Shenbao (申報 Shen Bao; Shun Pao)
The Shenbao (申報 Shen Bao; Shun Pao)
collection
26,986
ITEMS
354,045
VIEWS
collection

eye 354,045

The Shenbao (申報 Shen Bao; Shun Pao) was a Chinese newspaper founded 1872 in the International Settlement of Shanghai as a joint venture of four British merchants led by the controlling shareholder and general manager Ernest Major. Important early Chinese editors working with Major were Jiang Zhixiang (將芷湘), Wu Zirang (吳子讓), He Guisheng (何桂笙), and Qian Xinbo (錢昕伯), who were soon joined by Cai Erkang (蔡爾康) and Shen Yugui (沈毓桂). The newspaper came under...
The Manshū Nippō (滿洲日報)
The Manshū Nippō (滿洲日報)
collection
3,348
ITEMS
61,237
VIEWS
collection

eye 61,237

The Manshū Nippō (滿洲日報) was a Dalian based Japanese language newspaper founded in 1905 by Nakajima Masao (中島真雄). The newspaper came under Japanese military control after the occupation of Manchuria and became the largest newspaper in the region.
Shengjing Shibao (盛京時報)
Shengjing Shibao (盛京時報)
collection
11,588
ITEMS
178,197
VIEWS
collection

eye 178,197

The Shengjing Shibao (Shengjing Times) was a Chinese language newspaper founded in Shenyang (Fengtian 奉天/Shengjing 盛京/Mukden) by the Japanese journalist Nakajima Masao (中島真雄) in 1906. Its all-Japanese editorial staff included Kikuchi Teiji (菊池貞二) who wrote editorials under the pen name 傲霜庵. The articles themselves were written by the Chinese journalists on staff. The newspaper grew in popularity due to its supportive stance towards the 1911 revolution against the...
The Xinwenbao (新聞報)
The Xinwenbao (新聞報)
collection
15,089
ITEMS
136,819
VIEWS
collection

eye 136,819

The Xinwenbao (新聞報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai founded in February, 1893. It grew to overtake its main rivals, including the Shenbao (申報) in circulation and was one of the most widely read newspapers in the history of Republican China.
Keijō Nippō (京城日報)
Keijō Nippō (京城日報)
collection
11,437
ITEMS
158,957
VIEWS
collection

eye 158,957

Japanese newspaper published in Korea until 1945. Includes early issues under title 京城新報 and 朝鮮日報
The North China Herald
The North China Herald
collection
3,811
ITEMS
79,434
VIEWS
collection

eye 79,434

The North-China Herald and Supreme Court & Consular Gazette was published in Shanghai as the weekly edition of the North-China Daily News from 1850 until 1941.
The Shishi Xinbao (時事新報) or China Times
The Shishi Xinbao (時事新報) or China Times
collection
13,185
ITEMS
221,649
VIEWS
collection

eye 221,649

The Shishi Xinbao (時事新報) or China Times was one of the leading Chinese newspapers published in Shanghai from 1907 to 1949. In its early years it was affiliated with the Progressive Party (進步黨) which was a rival to the later dominant Nationalist party (國民黨). In May 1911 the newspaper merged with Yulun Ribao (輿論日報 Public Opinion Daily). The Shishi Xinbao continued long after its political patron declined and was one of the four main Chinese commercial daily newspapers...
The Lat Pau (叻报)
The Lat Pau (叻报)
collection
11,569
ITEMS
155,594
VIEWS
collection

eye 155,594

The Lat Pau (叻报) was a Chinese language newspaper published in Singapore. It was founded by See Ewe Lay (薛有礼) in 1881 and continued publishing until 1932.
The Shibao (The Eastern Times 時報)
The Shibao (The Eastern Times 時報)
collection
12,123
ITEMS
204,877
VIEWS
collection

eye 204,877

The Shibao (The Eastern Times 時報) was an important Chinese newspaper founded June 1904 by Di Baoxian (狄葆賢) and published in Shanghai. Other important editors of the newspaper include Chen Leng (陳冷 Chen Jinghan 陳景韓 )and Lei Fen (雷奮 Lei Jixing 雷繼興). In October 1921 the newspaper was sold to Huang Bohui (黃伯惠) and continued until 1939.
The Chosun-ilbo (朝鮮日報)
The Chosun-ilbo (朝鮮日報)
collection
10,301
ITEMS
108,123
VIEWS
collection

eye 108,123

The Chosun-ilbo is a major Korean daily newspaper founded in 1920 during the Japanese colonial period and was shut down in 1940. The newspaper returned to publication after Japanese surrender and is still one of the leading newspapers in the Republic of Korea today.
Xin tianjin (新天津 Tientsin Ex Novis)
Xin tianjin (新天津 Tientsin Ex Novis)
collection
4,683
ITEMS
44,493
VIEWS
collection

eye 44,493

Xin tianjin (新天津 Tientsin Ex Novis) was a Chinese newspaper published in Tianjin from 1924 to 1944.
The China Weekly Review
The China Weekly Review
collection
1,108
ITEMS
24,723
VIEWS
collection

eye 24,723

This journal was published as Millard's Review of the Far East - 1917-1921.6 then The Weekly Review of the Far East - 1921.6-1923 and The China Weekly Review 1923 onward.
The Union Times (總匯新報)
The Union Times (總匯新報)
collection
9,615
ITEMS
98,172
VIEWS
collection

eye 98,172

The Union Times (總匯新報) was a Chinese language newspaper published in Singapore from 1908 to 1946. It also had the name Nanyang zonghui xinbao (南洋總匯新報). In the years leading up to the 1911 revolution in China the newspaper supported the imperial position. In 1946 it merged with the 星洲日報.
Zhongyang Ribao (中央日報)
Zhongyang Ribao (中央日報)
collection
7,200
ITEMS
76,474
VIEWS
collection

eye 76,474

The Zhongyang Ribao (Central Daily) newspaper was a mouthpiece of the Chinese nationalist party and its government. The newspaper was launched in Shanghai in 1928 and moved to the capital of Nanjing later that year. During the course of Japanese conquest the newspaper moved to Changsha and Chongqing before returning to Nanjing after Japanese surrender until 1949.
Xinxinxinwen (New New News) 新新新聞
Xinxinxinwen (New New News) 新新新聞
collection
6,355
ITEMS
65,260
VIEWS
collection

eye 65,260

Chinese newspaper Xinxinxinwen (New New News) from Chengdu in Sichuan province active from 1929 to 1950.
東亞日報 (The Tong-a libo)
東亞日報 (The Tong-a libo)
collection
10,255
ITEMS
76,321
VIEWS
collection

eye 76,321

The Tong-a Ilbo is a major Korean daily newspaper established under Japanese colonial rule in 1920.
The Shenzhou Ribao (神州日報)
The Shenzhou Ribao (神州日報)
collection
6,455
ITEMS
60,176
VIEWS
collection

eye 60,176

The Shenzhou Ribao (神州日報) which used "The National Herald" as its English title was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai from 1907 to 1946.
The Yongbao (The Yung Pao 庸報)
The Yongbao (The Yung Pao 庸報)
collection
5,999
ITEMS
74,394
VIEWS
collection

eye 74,394

The Yongbao (The Yung Pao 庸報) was a newspaper published in Tianjin from 1926 until 1944. It was the third largest of Tianjin's newspapers but in 1935 came under the control of Japanese military intelligence and was thereafter published by the journalist and opium trader Satomi Hajime (里見甫) under a Chinese pen name.
Minguo ribao (Republic of China Daily 民國日報)
Minguo ribao (Republic of China Daily 民國日報)
collection
6,082
ITEMS
94,509
VIEWS
collection

eye 94,509

Shanghai-based newspaper founded by the Nationalist party (KMT) in 1916 and suppressed by the Japanese in 1932. Launched again in 1945 and continued until 1949. Issues here from 1916 to 1932.1 and 1945-1947.1.
The Zilin hubao (字林滬報)
The Zilin hubao (字林滬報)
collection
4,523
ITEMS
51,014
VIEWS
collection

eye 51,014

The Zilin hubao (字林滬報) was the Chinese version of the English language Shanghai newspaper the North China Daily News published from 1882 to 1899.
Xinshubao (New Sichuan Daily 新蜀報)
Xinshubao (New Sichuan Daily 新蜀報)
collection
6,279
ITEMS
62,324
VIEWS
collection

eye 62,324

Chinese newspaper Xinshubao (New Sichuan Daily) published in Chongqing from 1921 to 1950.
The Liangyou (The Young Companion 良友)
The Liangyou (The Young Companion 良友)
collection
174
ITEMS
10,955
VIEWS
collection

eye 10,955

The Liangyou (良友 The Young Companion) magazine was published in Shanghai and founded by Wu Liande (伍聯德). Some 174 issues were published until 1945. Captions on its many photographes were often both in Chinese and English.
collection

eye 50,317

Taiwan nichinichi shinpō (Taiwan Daily News) was the leading newspaper in Taiwan under Japanese colonial rule (1898-1944).
collection

eye 55,357

The Taidong ribao (泰東日報, The Tai Tung Jih Pao) was a Chinese newspaper published in Japanese controlled Dalian/Dairen (大連) from 1908 until 1943. It was the largest circulating Chinese-language daily in the city.
collection

eye 66,554

The Beijing University Daily (北京大學日刊 The University Daily) was published as a daily university newspaper from 1917 until 1932 when it became a weekly. The newspaper included articles composed by the university adminsistration as well as professors and students.
The Damei wanbao (大美晚報)
The Damei wanbao (大美晚報)
collection
3,181
ITEMS
55,009
VIEWS
collection

eye 55,009

The Damei wanbao (大美晚報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai from 1933 to 1941.
Beijing ribao (Peking Daily News 北京日報)
Beijing ribao (Peking Daily News 北京日報)
collection
5,358
ITEMS
71,033
VIEWS
collection

eye 71,033

Beijing newspaper active from 1906-1935. Also referred to as Peking Yih Pao and the Peking Daily News.
The Jingbao (晶報)
The Jingbao (晶報)
collection
4,201
ITEMS
73,081
VIEWS
collection

eye 73,081

The Jingbao (晶報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai from 1919 to 1946.
The Dagongbao (大公報 Shanghai edition)
The Dagongbao (大公報 Shanghai edition)
collection
3,155
ITEMS
45,013
VIEWS
collection

eye 45,013

The Dagongbao (大公報 Shanghai edition) was the local Shanghai version of this important newspaper from Tianjin. Issues here are 1936-7 and 1945-1952.
The Pingbao (平報)
The Pingbao (平報)
collection
5,485
ITEMS
59,499
VIEWS
collection

eye 59,499

The Pingbao (平報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Beijing from 1921 to 1938.
Shinkyō Nichinichi Simbun 新京日日新聞
Shinkyō Nichinichi Simbun 新京日日新聞
collection
2,654
ITEMS
30,809
VIEWS
collection

eye 30,809

 Japanese language newspaper published in Japanese-occupied Manchurian capital of Shinkyō (Xinjin; Changchun).
The Qunqiangbao (群強報)
The Qunqiangbao (群強報)
collection
3,331
ITEMS
48,269
VIEWS
collection

eye 48,269

The Qunqiangbao (群強報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Beijing from 1913 to 1936.
The Datongbao (大同報)
The Datongbao (大同報)
collection
3,315
ITEMS
39,119
VIEWS
collection

eye 39,119

The Datongbao (大同報) was a Chinese newspaper under Japanese control published in Japanese occupied Manchuria, in the city of Changchun, from 1933 until 1942. While the paper claimed to be run by one Wang Xizhe (王希哲), it was in fact under the control of Togō Fumio (都甲文雄).
The Wuhan ribao (武漢日報)
The Wuhan ribao (武漢日報)
collection
5,457
ITEMS
58,771
VIEWS
collection

eye 58,771

The Wuhan ribao (武漢日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Hankou (part of Wuhan) from 1929 to 1949. After the city was occupied by the Japanese in 1938 the newspaper moved to Yichang (宜昌)and then to Enshi (恩施) before returning to Hankou in November of 1945.
The New World (Xin shijie 新世界)
The New World (Xin shijie 新世界)
collection
3,017
ITEMS
37,839
VIEWS
collection

eye 37,839

The New World (Xin shijie 新世界) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai from 1916 to 1927. The New World was attached to the theater complex or "entertainment center" (遊樂場)of that name which opened in 1915.
The Xijing ribao (西京日報)
The Xijing ribao (西京日報)
collection
5,471
ITEMS
50,024
VIEWS
collection

eye 50,024

The Xijing ribao (西京日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Xi'an from 1933 to 1949.
The Manzhoubao (滿洲報 Manchuria News)
The Manzhoubao (滿洲報 Manchuria News)
collection
4,966
ITEMS
49,024
VIEWS
collection

eye 49,024

The Manzhoubao (滿洲報 Manchuria News) was a Chinese language newspaper founded by Nishikata Chōzō and published from July, 1922 until July, 1937 in Dalian/Dairen (大連).
The New Shenbao (新申報) Xin Shenbao
The New Shenbao (新申報) Xin Shenbao
collection
2,689
ITEMS
29,082
VIEWS
collection

eye 29,082

Shanghai newspaper published 1937-1945. Pro-Japanese propaganda publication supporting Japanese client regimes in occupied territory.
The Jiangshengbao (江聲報)
The Jiangshengbao (江聲報)
collection
3,310
ITEMS
42,907
VIEWS
collection

eye 42,907

The Jiangshengbao (江聲報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Xiamen (Amoy) in Fujian province from 1918 to 1951.
The Nanjing wanbao (南京晚報)
The Nanjing wanbao (南京晚報)
collection
4,296
ITEMS
49,368
VIEWS
collection

eye 49,368

The Nanjing wanbao (南京晚報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Nanjing from May, 1929 until April, 1949. It was founded by Zhang Youhe (張友鶴) as Nanjing's first evening paper. During the Japanese invasion the paper was suspended and a Chongqing edition published.
The Huabei ribao (華北日報)
The Huabei ribao (華北日報)
collection
4,113
ITEMS
34,127
VIEWS
collection

eye 34,127

The Huabei ribao (華北日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Beiping (Beijing) from 1929 to 1949.
The Gansu minguo ribao (甘肅民國日報)
The Gansu minguo ribao (甘肅民國日報)
collection
4,757
ITEMS
52,871
VIEWS
collection

eye 52,871

The Gansu minguo ribao (甘肅民國日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Lanzhou from 1933 to 1949, in Gansu province.
The Beiping chenbao (北平晨報)
The Beiping chenbao (北平晨報)
collection
2,412
ITEMS
29,453
VIEWS
collection

eye 29,453

The Beiping chenbao (北平晨報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Beiping (Beijing) from 1930 to 1937. In 1937 it continued as the Chenbao (晨報).
The Xin Zhonghuabao (新中華報)
The Xin Zhonghuabao (新中華報)
collection
2,266
ITEMS
33,368
VIEWS
collection

eye 33,368

The Xin Zhonghuabao (新中華報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Nanjing from 1929 until the Japanese invasion in 1937.
The Yuehuabao (越華報)
The Yuehuabao (越華報)
collection
3,212
ITEMS
42,018
VIEWS
collection

eye 42,018

The Yuehuabao (越華報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Guangzhou (Canton) from 1927 to 1950. In Cantonese the newspaper’s title was romanized Yuet Wa Po.
The Huaqiaobao (華僑報)
The Huaqiaobao (華僑報)
collection
2,583
ITEMS
38,967
VIEWS
collection

eye 38,967

The Huaqiaobao (華僑報) is a Chinese newspaper published in Macao and founded in 1937. It also went by Jornal Wah Kiu Po and later as Jornal Va Kio.
The Daguangbao (大光報)
The Daguangbao (大光報)
collection
3,016
ITEMS
32,322
VIEWS
collection

eye 32,322

The Daguangbao (大光報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shaoguan and Guangzhou in Guangdong province from 1939 to 1949.
The Xibei ribao (西北日報)
The Xibei ribao (西北日報)
collection
3,951
ITEMS
33,884
VIEWS
collection

eye 33,884

The Xibei ribao (西北日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Lanzhou from 1933 to 1949.
The Xin Qin Ribao (新秦日報 The New Qin Daily)
The Xin Qin Ribao (新秦日報 The New Qin Daily)
collection
2,983
ITEMS
43,749
VIEWS
collection

eye 43,749

The Xin Qin Ribao (新秦日報 The New Qin Daily) was a Chinese newspaper published in Xi'an from 1921 to 1945.
The Dazhongbao (大眾報)
The Dazhongbao (大眾報)
collection
2,014
ITEMS
28,627
VIEWS
collection

eye 28,627

The Dazhongbao (大眾報) was a Chinese newspaper publised in Macao from 1941-1950.
Shanghai Sketch 上海漫畫 (Shanghai Manhua)
Shanghai Sketch 上海漫畫 (Shanghai Manhua)
collection
217
ITEMS
9,735
VIEWS
collection

eye 9,735

Shanghai Sketch 上海漫畫 (Shanghai Manhua) was an illustrated large-format weekly magazine published between 1928 and 1930.
The Pictorial Shanghai (上海畫報) Magazine
The Pictorial Shanghai (上海畫報) Magazine
collection
467
ITEMS
12,591
VIEWS
collection

eye 12,591

The Pictorial Shanghai (上海畫報) Magazine was a magazine launched in 1925 with Qian Jiechen (錢介塵) as one of its main figures.
The Zhonghua ribao (中華日報)
The Zhonghua ribao (中華日報)
collection
3,949
ITEMS
40,871
VIEWS
collection

eye 40,871

The Zhonghua ribao (中華日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai from 1928 to 1945.
collection

eye 20,225

The Dongfang Zazhi (Eastern Miscellany) was one of the most important Chinese journals of the first half of the 20th century. It was published by The Commercial Press from 1904 until 1948 (except for 1942).
The Dongbei ribao (東北日報)
The Dongbei ribao (東北日報)
collection
2,489
ITEMS
25,756
VIEWS
collection

eye 25,756

The Dongbei ribao (東北日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanhaiguan from 1945 to 1954.
The Nanjing Daily (南京日報)
The Nanjing Daily (南京日報)
collection
1,744
ITEMS
21,187
VIEWS
collection

eye 21,187

The Nanjing Daily (南京日報) was founded in 1934 and continued until the city's fall in 1937. After Japanese surrender the newspaper was launched again in 1946 and continued until 1949.
The Guowen Zhoubao (國聞周報)
The Guowen Zhoubao (國聞周報)
collection
514
ITEMS
15,123
VIEWS
collection

eye 15,123

The Guowen Zhoubao (國聞周報) was founded by the Dagong Bao (Ta Kung Pao 大公報) publisher Hu Zhengzhi (胡政之) in 1924 as a weekly magazine of current afffairs and political commentary. The magazine continued publication in Shanghai until 1937 and the Japanese invasion.
The Shangbao (商報)
The Shangbao (商報)
collection
3,931
ITEMS
48,437
VIEWS
collection

eye 48,437

The Shangbao (商報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai from 1921 to 1950.
collection

eye 23,414

The Gazette of the National Government of China (國民政府公報) contains official announcements decrees and other regularly reported reference information related to the activities of the Nationalist run government of the Republic of China.
The Nanjing wanbao (南京晚報)
The Nanjing wanbao (南京晚報)
collection
2,878
ITEMS
29,191
VIEWS
collection

eye 29,191

The Nanjing wanbao (南京晚報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Nanjing from May, 1929 until April, 1949. It was founded by Zhang Youhe (張友鶴) as Nanjing's first evening edition. This is the Chongqing edition of the newspaper which started in 1938 as the newspaper fled the Japanese invasion. Although the newspaper restarted in Nanjing after the war, the Chonqing edition continued.
The People's Daily newspaper (人民日報)
The People's Daily newspaper (人民日報)
collection
1,303
ITEMS
21,809
VIEWS
collection

eye 21,809

The People's Daily newspaper (人民日報) was launched in 1946 as the main voice of the Chinese Communist Party's JinJiLuYu resistance area. After 1949 it became one of the most important newspapers for the Chinese Communist Party.
collection

eye 15,160

The Taiwushi bao (泰晤士報 The Chinese Peking & Tientsin Times) was a Chinese newspaper published in Tianjin from 1918 to 1930.
Libao (立報)
Libao (立報)
collection
2,158
ITEMS
26,106
VIEWS
collection

eye 26,106

Libao was a popular Shanghai newspaper in small tabloid format active from 1935 to 1938 and again from 1945 to 1949.
The Shangwu ribao (商務日報)
The Shangwu ribao (商務日報)
collection
6,613
ITEMS
61,308
VIEWS
collection

eye 61,308

The Shangwu ribao (商務日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Chongqing from 1914 to 1950.
The Far Eastern Review
The Far Eastern Review
collection
446
ITEMS
15,064
VIEWS
collection

eye 15,064

The Far Eastern Review was published between 1904 and 1941. It was initially published in Manila but later was based in Shanghai. Engineering - Commerce - Finance where three key words on the cover of the journal and in addition to politics many articles were related to technology trade and infrastructure in the broader region.
The Qingdao Minbao (青島民報)
The Qingdao Minbao (青島民報)
collection
1,769
ITEMS
24,570
VIEWS
collection

eye 24,570

The Qingdao Minbao was a Chinese newsapaper published in the Shandong province coastal city of Qingdao from 1930 until the eve of Japanese occupation in 1937.
The Xinyebao (新夜報)
The Xinyebao (新夜報)
collection
2,364
ITEMS
19,937
VIEWS
collection

eye 19,937

The Xinyebao (新夜報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai from 1932 to 1949.
collection

eye 36,960

CCP newspaper published in Yan'an from May 1941 to March 1947.
The Binjiang Daily (濱江日報)
The Binjiang Daily (濱江日報)
collection
2,387
ITEMS
31,569
VIEWS
collection

eye 31,569

The Binjiang Daily (濱江日報) was a Chinese language newspaper published in Harbin in Japanese occupied Manchuria. Created through the merger of several newspapers by state order in 1937 it continued publishing until Japanese surrender in 1945.
The Jinchaji ribao (晉察冀日報)
The Jinchaji ribao (晉察冀日報)
collection
2,766
ITEMS
32,576
VIEWS
collection

eye 32,576

The Jinchaji ribao (晉察冀日報) was a Chinese Communist Party newspaper published in Pingshan from 1940 to 1948 and included here are issues from 1938 when its predecessor Kangdibao (抗敵報) was published.
The Zhengyanbao (正言報)
The Zhengyanbao (正言報)
collection
1,554
ITEMS
15,524
VIEWS
collection

eye 15,524

The Zhengyanbao (正言報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shanghai from 1940 to 1941 and again from 1945 to 1948.
Jichang Ribao (吉長日報)
Jichang Ribao (吉長日報)
collection
1,517
ITEMS
21,184
VIEWS
collection

eye 21,184

A newspaper daily covering Jilin and Changchun in northeast China.
The Kangzhan ribao (抗戰日報)
The Kangzhan ribao (抗戰日報)
collection
2,137
ITEMS
20,839
VIEWS
collection

eye 20,839

The Kangzhan ribao (抗戰日報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Xing county in Shanxi province from 1940 to 1946. In 1946 it was renamed Jinsui ribao (晉綏日報).
The Qingdao shibao (青島時報)
The Qingdao shibao (青島時報)
collection
1,875
ITEMS
20,023
VIEWS
collection

eye 20,023

The Qingdao shibao (青島時報) was a Chinese newspaper published in Shandong province in the coastal city of Qingdao from 1928 to 1949.